5 March 1824
First Anglo-Burmese War
On 5 March 1824 Lord Amherst (later the first Earl Amherst of Arracan) as Governor-General of India declared war from Fort William Calcutta on the Kingdom of Burma. The war would last more than two years, was one of the most expensive in British imperial history (costing approximately $30 billion in today's money), led to the deaths of tens of thousands of European, Indian, and Burmese soldiers and civilians, and ended with the annexation of Assam, Manipur, Arakan and the Tennasserim to the East India Company as well as an indemnity (approximately $2 billion) that crippled the Burmese economy for a generation. The pictures are of Lord Amherst and the May 1824 amphibious assault by Company forces on Rangoon.