23 December 1941 - March 1942
World War Two comes to Rangoon
On 23 and 25 December 1941 80 Japanese Mitsubishi Ki-21 bombers escorted by 30 fighter planes bombed Mingaladon and downtown Rangoon for the first time. An estimated 2,000 civilians were believed killed, including many women and children. Tomahawk and Buffaloes planes of the Royal Air Force and the American ""Flying Tigers"" attempted to incept the Japanese invasion force with only limited success. The Japanese used high explosive and incendiary bombs over the entire downtown from Pazundaung to Ahlone, destroying 3/5s of all the wooden buildings in the area. Hundreds of thousands of civilians - Indians, Burmese, Anglo-Burmese, Europeans, Chinese, Karens, and others fled the city over the following weeks. Rangoon would fall to the Japanese Imperial Army in March 1942.
There has never been any memorial to the men, women and children killed that day.