Labour Party's Election Victory Changed Burma's History
In July 1945, the Labour Party won a landslide victory over the Conservatives and Clement Attlee replaced Sir Winston Churchill as Prime Minister. Labour's election victory without a doubt changed the course of Burma's history. Clement Attlee was committed to decolonization and within a year reversed earlier policies and began moves towards Burmese self-determination. By 1949 the Attlee government had granted independence to India, Pakistan, Burma and Ceylon. A Conservative government under Winston Churchill would almost certainly not have granted independence to Burma in 1948. Clement Attlee had himself visited Burma twice in the 1920s as a member of the Simon Commission (which recommended the separation of Burma from India). The photograph is of Prime Minister Attlee with Thakin Nu, Bo Let Ya and U Tin Tut at the signing of the October 1947 Nu-Attlee agreement.